As you’ll have gathered from the title, we’re going to look at how to write and pronounce the days of the week in Spanish.
We’ll see that there are some important differences between Spanish and English when it comes to writing the days of the week. However, it’s nothing that you should find too difficult to understand, honest!
As always we’ve included lots of examples, and we’ve recorded audio files for you so that you can hear the correct pronunciation. All the audio files feature native Spanish speakers from Spain or Latin America.
Come on, this is all really easy…
Here they are: the days of the week in Spanish. All seven of them!
Don’t forget to include the accents in miércoles and sábado.
In English, the word ‘Monday’ is derived from the Latin for ‘Moon day’. The Spanish ‘Lunes‘ follows the same logic: ‘luna‘ is the Spanish word for ‘moon’.
Don’t use capitals for the days of the week
Unlike English, in Spanish we don’t use a capital letter at the beginning of the days of the week.
Don’t just take my word for it! Here’s what the Real Academia Española (The custodian of the Spanish language) has to say on the issue.
Exceptions to the rule about capital letters
However, when we are talking about certain special days, such as holidays, then we do use capital letters for the first letter of the day:
Viernes Santo – Good Friday
Domingo de Ramos – Palm Sunday
Santo = holy
Days of the week with the definite article.
In Spanish we usually put the definite articleel before the day of the week.
Nos vemos el lunes. See you on Monday.
Tenemos el examen el miércoles. We have the exam on Wednesday.
In Spanish, all the days of the week are masculine (sorry ladies!), so it’s always el and never la.
You will often see days of the week used in their plural form.
Trabajo todos los sábados este mes. I work every Saturday this month.
Mi madre me llama los jueves por la mañana. My mother calls me on Thursday mornings.
Just remember to use the plural article ‘los’. If the day of the week ends in ‘s’ (which is most of the days!) we don’t put an additional ‘s’ on the plural.
el lunes -> los lunes
el martes -> los martes
el miércoles -> los miércoles
el jueves -> los jueves
el viernes -> los viernes
el sábado -> los sábados
el domingo -> los domingos
What a load of Wednesday!
Did you know that in Bolivia and some other Latin American countries, people use the word ‘miercoles’ as a polite subsititute for ‘mierda’ (shit)?
¡Miércoles! ¿Qué han hecho? Wednesday! What have they done?
In written Spanish you may see the days of the week abbreviated. There is no general consensus on the exact form however. In my experience working with both Spaniards and Latin Americans the most common form is the two letter lowercase format. However, when space is limited, for example in the calendar on your mobile phone, you’ll see the single letter abbreviations.
Two letter abbreviation
Two letter abbreviation
Single letter abbreviation
It’s all quite straightforward except for the single letter abbreviation for miércoles, which becomes ‘X’ to avoid any confusion with martes.
How to say and write dates
If you want to learn how to say and write dates in Spanish, then check out our class here. We also have a separate class on the months of the year.
For simple Spanish phrases that you can start to use straightaway, visit our section, Basic Spanish Phrases.